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The Desperate Man The Hammock Self-Portrait Self-Portrait A Burial at Ornans The Peasants of Flagey Returning from the Fair
The Young Ladies of the Village The Sleeping Spinner The Houses of the Chateau D'Ornans The Meeting The Young Ladies on the Banks of the Seine The Fox in the Snow

Gustave Courbet (1819-1877)

(Jean D?sir?) Gustave Courbet was an influential and prolific French painter, who, with his compatriots Honore Daumier and Jean Francois Millet, founded the mid-19th-century art movement called realism.
Courbet, a farmer's son, was born June 10, 1819, in Ornans. He went to Paris about 1840, ostensibly to study law; instead, he taught himself to paint by copying masterpieces in the Louvre, Paris. In 1850 he exhibited The Stone Breakers (1849, formerly Gem?ldegalerie, Dresden, destroyed 1945), a blunt, forthright depiction of laborers repairing a road. In it, Courbet deliberately flouted the precepts of the romantics?hampions of emotionally charged exoticism?nd of the powerful academics?uardians of the moralizing Beaux-Arts traditions. He further outraged them with his enormous Burial at Ornan? (1850, Mus?e d'Orsay, Paris), in which a frieze of poorly clad peasants surrounds a yawning grave. Courbet compounded his defiance of convention in another huge painting, The Artist's Studio (1855, Mus?e d'Orsay), which he subtitled A True Allegory Concerning Seven Years of My Artistic Life. In it, Courbet sits painting a landscape center stage, attended by a small boy, a dog, and a voluptuous female nude; at left a listless, bored group studiously ignores him; at right a lively, spirited crowd of his friends admires his work. At the same time he issued a provocative manifesto detailing his social realist credo of art and life. By this time he enjoyed widespread popularity.